Fox, Steven. The Deportation of Latin American Germans, 1941-47: Fresh Legs for Mr. Monroe’s Doctrine, Yearbook of German-American Studies, vol. 32, 1997.
Commencing with the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, the State Department aided a dozen Latin American republics in deporting nearly 4,000 of their German nationals to the United States. There, the Justice Department interned them until most could be repatriated to the Fatherland. But at war’s end, and as late as 1947, hundreds of unrepatriated deportees remained. Eventually they, their families and descendants, became an integral part of the German American community. This article explores why they found themselves in this position.