Alfred and Susan Schmidt married in Germany in 1932, moved to the U.S. the following year, eventually working their way to Honolulu. In 1940, he and his wife became naturalized American citizens, changing their name to Smith. Their experiences with internment at various Hawaiian and mainland camps are summarized in this article, written by Louis […]
Fiset, Louis; “World War II Internment of a German-American Couple in Hawaii” June 2012, American Philatelist, Journal of the American Philatelic Society. It is reproduced here by permission of the author.
Fiset, Louis. Collectors Club of Chicago, 2010. This is a compilation of mail by noncombatant civilians, diplomats and Axis merchant seamen held by the U.S. government during World War II, while awaiting exchange for U.S. citizens held behind enemy lines.
Ft. George G. Meade was a US Army military post located southwest of Baltimore in Anne Arundel County, Maryland. It apparently served primarily as a temporary detention site for German, Italian and some Japanese internees before they shipped to other locations. A group of German seamen were transferred there from Camp Upton, New York, in […]
Tenabe, Karin. Washington Square Press, 2017. Set partially in the Crystal City, Texas Internment Camp, this novel follows the romance of Emi Kato, a Japanese diplomat’s daughter, and Christian Lange, a young German from Wisconsin, during their internment and subsequent release; she repatriated to Japan, he enrolling in the U.S. Army. Leo Hartmann, her first […]
“Camp of the Innocents,” published May 24, 2017 on YouTube, is a documentary film about the Camp Algiers Alien Detention Station in Louisiana (near New Orleans), the Latin American civilians housed there, and the WW II Enemy Alien Control Program. Linked with permission from the documentarians.
“Detailed official” lists of people of German ethnicity ordered interned—include name, date and location of birth, address when taken, next of kin and their address, occupation, and place of internment as of a specific date. Most of these internees were from the U.S., but some Hawaiian and Latin American residents are included. (These are not […]
A petition was submitted to Congress on January 24, 1947, signed by 156 internees held on Ellis Island, asking for their release, rather than enforced deportation/repatriation to Germany. They requested the same for internees being held in Crystal City and other detention centers. On January 29, 1947, a group of Ft. Lincoln, ND, internees wrote directly to […]
A three page Immigration and Naturalization Service list of civilian enemy aliens of German ethnicity in custody on Ellis Island, New York Harbor, New York on 29 February 1944. (A few internees of Italian and Japanese ethnicity are included.) NARA, RG 59, State Dept, Special War Problems Division, Entry A1 1357, Subject Files, 1939-1955, Box 190, […]
Following are short lists of internees of German ethnicity held in a variety of internment situations around the country during 1944. The lists include name, sex, age, alien registration number, occupation, country in which they were picked up, and in some cases, next of kin with address. 29 Feb 1944 lists of internees held at […]