Executive Order 9066

Franklin D. Roosevelt Executive Order 9066 Authorizing the Secretary of War to Prescribe Military Areas February 19, 1942 WHEREAS, the successful prosecution of the war requires every possible protection against espionage and against sabotage to national defense material, national defense premises and national defense utilities as defined in Section 4, Act of April 20, 1918, […]

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Proclamation 2685

Presidential Proclamation — Removal of Alien Enemies — No. 2685 April 10, 1946   By the President of the United States of America A ProclamationWhereas sections 4067 and 4068 of the Revised Statutes of the United States (50 U.S.C. 21 and 22) make provision relative to the restraint and removal from the United States of alien […]

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Proclamation 2662

Presidential Proclamation — Removal of Alien Enemies — No. 2662 September 8, 1945 By the President of the United States of America A ProclamationWhereas section 4067 of the Revised Statutes of the United States (50 U.S.C. 21) makes provision relative to the restraint and removal from the United States of alien enemies in the interest of […]

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Executive Order 8985

 Executive Order 8985–Censorship Establishing Office of Censorship December 19, 1941 Statement: All Americans abhor censorship, just as they abhor war. But the experience of this and of all other Nations has demonstrated that some degree of censorship is essential in wartime, and we are at war. The important thing now is that such forms of […]

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Executive Order 9142

Executive Order 9142 Transferring Certain Functions, Property, and Personnel from the Department of Justice to the Alien Enemy Custodian April 21, 1942 By virtue of the authority vested in me as President of the United States, under the Constitution and laws of the United States, and in particular by Title I of the First War […]

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Executive Order 9095

Franklin D. Roosevelt Executive Order 9095 Establishing the Office of the Alien Property Custodian March 11, 1942 By virtue Of the authority vested in me by the Constitution, by the Trading with the Enemy Act of October 6, 1917, as amended, by the First War Powers Act, 1941, and as President of the United States, […]

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Proclamation 2497

Proclamation–Blacklists–No. 2497 Blacklisting 1,800 Latin American Firms for Aiding Germany or Italy July 17, 1941 I, Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of the United States of America, acting under and by virtue of the authority vested in me by Section 5(b) of the Act of October 6, 1917 (40 Stat. 415) as amended and Section 6 of […]

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diplomatic internees in a large group, with many children in the first 3 rows

the Mantel Family Story

My father’s name was Herbert Erich Mantel. He was a diesel mechanic, born in Hamburg, Germany on August 17, 1898. He traveled to Barranquilla, Colombia in the 1920’s, I think. He was Chief Engineer on a riverboat on the Magdalena River at first, and later he managed the German Club in Puerto Colombia. He married […]

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Adolf Hamann & Wife

the Hamann Family Story

My father, Adolf Hamann, was born in Hamburg, Germany, in 1884. His father was pastor of a Lutheran church, and his mother died while he was still young. My grandfather married again and that caused some unhappiness with my father when he was young. So in 1904, at about the age of 20, he took […]

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Left: Albert Eckardt, with Ted -- 1936 Right: Ted, in lederhosen

the Eckardt Family Story

The Eckardt Story A part of my story, by Theodore A. Eckardt, 1997 German-Latin Americans also were imprisoned in the U.S. during WW II. My story begins when my Dad, Albert Eckardt, as a young lad at the age of 15, came to America from Leonberg, Germany seeking freedom and work. He arrived in Ellis Island, New York […]

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