Enemies among Us: the Relocation, Internment, and Repatriation of German, Italian, and Japanese Americans During the Second World War

Schmitz, John Eric. Enemies Among Us: the Relocation, Internment, and Repatriation of German, Italian, and Japanese Americans During the Second World War, University of Nebraska Press, 2020.

Enemies Among Us is a comparative analysis of the relocation, internment, and repatriation of German, Italian, and Japanese Americans during the Second World War. The German and Italian American wartime experience remains largely overlooked by historians and generally unknown to Americans. The author investigates the causes, conditions, and consequences of America’s selective relocation and internment of its own citizens and enemy aliens and examines the experiences of all three major groups of relocatees and internees. He analyzes policymaking from the local to the national level and then places internment in an international context. This study also recounts the repatriation and exchange of thousands of internees and discusses America’s leading role in these endeavors. A primary goal is to tell these neglected tales by writing the first comprehensive work on the subject.

Dr. Schmitz is the son of former internee John Schmitz.