1943, 1944 inspection reports of Sharp Park, CA Alien Detention Camp

On 26 July 1943, Captain Antonio R. Martin, Spanish Vice-Consul at San Francisco, CA, James E. Henderson, representing the Department of State, and A. S. Hudson, Acting District Director of Immigration and Naturalization, San Francisco, CA, visited Sharp Park, CA Alien Detention Camp  for an inspection of the facilities. Their findings are summarized here, including a typical […]

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Ellis Island inspection reports on online

Three inspection reports by the International Committee of the Red Cross delegates describe facilities and chronicle life in internment on Ellis Island during 1943-1946. (The last internees, of German ethnicity, were released in 1948.) Although the National Park Service’s highly regarded manuscript, Confinement and Ethnicity: An Overview of World War II Japanese American Relocation Sites, by […]

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S.S. Drottningholm documents available

On July 15, 1942, the S.S. Drottningholm left Pier F, Jersey City, New Jersey bound for Gothenburg, Sweden, where internees were sent on to Germany and Italy, to be exchanged for U.S. citizens. The German American Internee Coalition recently received a number of documents about this particular voyage, thanks to Shelby and Stephen Concepcion, cousins who found […]

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WWII Internment Camp, ‘Camp Algiers’, Louisiana, held Jews, too

WWNO, a radio station in New Orleans, LA, featured the WWII history of Camp Algiers, across the Mississippi River from New Orleans, in a two part podcast. During the WWII years, this facility served as a receiving and detention station for Latin Americans, including Jews, brought to the U.S. for internment and exchange. Thanks to producer and presenter […]

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Were Jews interned by the U.S.?

Yes. In a Feb 1943 letter exchange between Jewish internees being held at Camp Kenedy, Texas and W. Bruppacher, Department of German Interests, Legation of Switzerland, charged with camp inspection and oversight of internees of German ethnicity, they express concerns about finances, censorship, and the difficulties of living “close to our worst enemies.” NARA RG 59, State Dept, Special […]

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“Real People”—another family

Sigrid Banzhaf Toye shares some of her family’s experiences during WW II with us. Her father, Eugen, mother, Emmy, and Sigrid were visiting her grandmother in Germany when war broke out. Scrambling to find passage back to the U.S., where her parents were legal residents, the French boarded the ship once it was in international water and […]

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